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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 5

Bubbles in pericardial fluid: Multimodality imaging in iatrogenic hydropneumopericardium

1 Cardiovascular Medicine Department; Students' Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran
2 Cardiovascular Medicine Department, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran

Correspondence Address:
Ali Reza Moaref
Cardiovascular Medicine Department, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz
IR Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.5812/acvi.22787

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Introduction: The term hydropneumopericardium describes the simultaneous accumulation of fluid and gas in the pericardial sac. This condition is mostly caused by primary infiltrative lesions from the adjacent organs, pericardial infections, or trauma and is a very rare situation, usually with favorable outcomes. Case Presentation: We describe a female patient with Lutembacher's syndrome complicated by cardiac tamponade. After surgical treatment, she developed iatrogenic hydropneumopericardium, which was treated conservatively. Conclusions: Iatrogenic hydropneumopericardium can be managed conservatively with supportive measures, and most of these cases resolve spontaneously if they are not large and destabilizing.

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