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   2015| February  | Volume 3 | Issue 1  
    Online since June 7, 2018

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Transthoracic echocardiography versus cardiac MRI in the diagnosis of acute myocarditis
Hossein AliBassiri, Azin Alizadehasl, Zahra Alizadeh Sani, Anita Sadeghpour, Nahid Rezaeian, Mohammadesmaeil Rezaei
February 2015, 3(1):6-6
Introduction: The diagnosis of myocarditis based on a spectrum of findings, including symptoms, clinical examination, electrocardiography, biomarkers, and echocardiography, can be non-specific. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), has become the primary noninvasive technique in patients with suspected myocarditis in some countries. Case Presentation: We present a case with a typical picture of myocarditis but normal echocardiographic findings, the diagnosis of which was confirmed by cardiac MRI. Discussion: In particular, cardiac MRI data are useful in borderline cases or in the presence of discrepancy between clinical picture and echocardiographic results.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  479 115 -
Ventricular dyssynchrony markers in healthy black African subjects: A tissue doppler imaging study
Marie Paule Bernadette N'cho-Mottoh, Komlavi Yayehd, Coulibaly Iklo, Justin Ben Koffi, Arnaud Kouadio Ekou, Roland Aka N'Guetta, Jean Baptiste Anzouan Kacou
February 2015, 3(1):3-3
Background: Tissue Doppler is a promising method that allows the measurement of time of systolic and diastolic tissue velocities. Ventricular dyssynchrony was assessed in patients with heart failure. In sub-Saharan Africa, very few studies have focused on ventricular dyssynchrony in healthy subjects. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to measure time-to-peak of systolic and diastolic velocities of different segments of left ventricle and apply ventricular dyssynchrony markers to healthy black African subjects. Patients and Methods: Fifty healthy black African were enrolled consecutively over a period of 3 months. Time-to-peak systolic velocities (TS) and Time-to-peak early diastolic velocities (TE) were measured at the four basal segments of left ventricle. Five dyssynchrony markers were assessed: difference between maximal time-to-peak systolic velocity and minimal time-to-peak systolic velocity, time between septal time-to-peak systolic velocity and lateral time-to peak systolic velocity, standard deviation of time-to-peak systolic velocity of the four basal segments, difference between maximal time-to-peak early diastolic velocity and minimal time-to-peak early diastolic velocity, and standard deviation of time-to-peak early diastolic velocity of the four basal segments. Results: The frequency of some dyssynchrony markers was similar to that of other studies. The difference between maximal time-to-peak systolic velocity and minimal time-to-peak systolic velocity was correlated with age and was higher among women. The prevalence of diastolic dyssynchrony was higher in black African subjects. Conclusions: Large-scale studies on the healthy black African population could assess the relationship between diastolic dyssynchrony and changes in myocardial performance related to racial differences.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  489 97 -
Left ventricular torsional parameters in patients with non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy
Zahra Ojaghi Haghighi, Azin Alizadehasl, Hassan Moladoust, Maryam Ardeshiri, Atousa Mostafavi, Nahid Rezaeiyan, Seyed Hossein Ojaghi, Fazlolah Safi, Akram Mikaeilpour
February 2015, 3(1):1-1
Background: Velocity vector imaging (VVI) is a new echocardiography method to assess myocardial deformation in two dimensions. Objectives: In this study, we used VVI to evaluate left ventricular (LV) main torsional parameters in non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) patients in compared with normal subjects. Patients and Methods: Twenty-six DCM patients and Twenty-four normal subjects were assessed. Echocardiographic images of the short axis apical and basal views of LV were processed by VVI software to measure peak rotation degrees and also peak rotation rates in systole. LV twist was well-defined as the net difference between apical and basal rotation values and also LV torsion was considered as LV twist divided by left ventricular diastolic longitudinal length. In addition, peak untwisting value and untwisting rate were measured in diastole too. Results: LV twist value (5.54 ± 1.94° in DCM VS. 11.5 ± 2.45° in control group) and also LV torsion (0.71 ± 0.28°/cm in DCM VS. 1.53 ± 0.42°/cm in control group) were significantly decreased in DCM patients compared with normal group (P < 0.001 for both); also, the twisting rate was notably lower in DCM vs. control (38.68 ± 14.43°/s in DCM vs. 75.88 ± 17.25°/s in control; P < 0.001) and also untwisting rate (36.28 ± 13.48°/s in DCM vs. -73.79 ± 24.45°/s in control; P < 0.001), However normalization of these times for systolic duration or LV length creates different values. Conclusions: LV twist, torsion and untwist and also rate of them are significantly impaired in DCM and this impairment is well-related to LV global systolic and diastolic dysfunction. VVI is a new noninvasive technique that can be used to evaluate LV torsional parameters.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  478 98 -
Bubbles in pericardial fluid: Multimodality imaging in iatrogenic hydropneumopericardium
Armin Attar, Mohammad Bagher Sharifkazemi, Ali Reza Moaref
February 2015, 3(1):5-5
Introduction: The term hydropneumopericardium describes the simultaneous accumulation of fluid and gas in the pericardial sac. This condition is mostly caused by primary infiltrative lesions from the adjacent organs, pericardial infections, or trauma and is a very rare situation, usually with favorable outcomes. Case Presentation: We describe a female patient with Lutembacher's syndrome complicated by cardiac tamponade. After surgical treatment, she developed iatrogenic hydropneumopericardium, which was treated conservatively. Conclusions: Iatrogenic hydropneumopericardium can be managed conservatively with supportive measures, and most of these cases resolve spontaneously if they are not large and destabilizing.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  477 96 -
Cerebrovascular accident and mesenteric ischemia following diagnostic coronary angiography
Farahnaz Nikdoust, Mansoureh Eghbalnezhad
February 2015, 3(1):4-4
Introduction: Coronary angiography can be complicated by some major complications such as stroke. Case Presentation: We describe a patient who presented with hemiparesia. He had undergone coronary angiography on his right and left coronary arteries as well as his left ventricle (LV) via the radial artery access 10 days earlier using a 6-French Tiger catheter. Transthoracic echocardiography showed a large (36 × 25 mm) inhomogeneous mobile mass attached to the apicoseptal LV segment. His serum protein S was low (60% [normal = 77 - 140%]), while his protein C was normal and lupus anticoagulant was negative. During hospitalization, he developed severe abdominal pain, for which mesenteric ischemia was diagnosed. First, he underwent surgery for the resection of the infarcted intestinal segments. Then cardiac surgery was done to remove the mass. The mass was diagnosed as a thrombus. After the surgery, the general condition of the patient deteriorated and blood culture showed acinetobacter septicemia. Finally, he died due to sepsis. A review of his coronary angiography revealed that after the contrast media had left the LV, there was still dye at the contact point between the tip of the catheter and the LV, which was compatible with the location of thrombus formation. Conclusions: Trauma induced by the tip of the catheter at the contact location with the LV wall in a patient with mild hypercoagulable state accounted for intracardiac thrombosis formation and its embolization to the brain and intestines.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  461 110 -
Echocardiographic assessment of the vibratory innocent murmur in children: a case-control study
Suchaya Silvilairat, Kakanang Jantarapagdee, Rekwan Sittiwangku, Yupada Pongprot, Charlie Phornphutkul
February 2015, 3(1):2-2
Background: Vibratory innocent murmur is the most common precordial innocent murmur in children. The mechanism of vibratory innocent murmur is still unclear. Objectives: The aim of this study is to learn the mechanism of the vibratory innocent murmur. Patients and Methods: The prospective cross-sectional study was conducted using 32 children who had the vibratory innocent murmur (cases) in Chiang Mai University Hospital and 27 normal healthy children (controls). Two-dimension, Doppler, and tissue Doppler echocardiography were performed on each subject to examine the difference between cases and controls. Results: The left ventricular false tendon was present in 84% of cases and 22% of controls (P < 0.001). Left ventricular outflow tract velocity was significantly higher in cases than in controls (P < 0.001). Early diastolic myocardial velocity at the base of the interventricular septum was lower in cases with false tendon than those without false tendon (P = 0.048). No significant difference was found regarding ascending aorta diameter, cardiac output and ejection fraction between the two groups. Left ventricular diastolic function was normal in all cases and controls. Conclusions: The vibratory innocent murmur is associated with the presence of left ventricular false tendon and higher left ventricular outflow tract velocity. The presence of the left ventricular false tendon was somewhat associated with decreased early diastolic myocardial velocity. Normal left ventricular systolic and diastolic function can be used as a reassurance in cases with the vibratory innocent murmur.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  461 92 -
Simultaneous left ventricle and left atrial appendage thrombi in a patient with dilated cardiomyopathy
Laxman Dubey, Ridhi Adhikari
February 2015, 3(1):7-7
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  450 86 -